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Bolstone Rental

Court proceedings regarding rental in manors of Bolstone and Harewood 1505 due to the Knights Hospitallers

HRO A63/III/23

Transcription and translation by the Latin team of the Landscape Origins of the Wye Valley  project.
Particular thanks to Sue Hubbard and Janet Cooper.
Any typos and simple errors are due to the electronic scribe (David Lovelace).
[ ] letters suppressed in text, (  ) our comments and notes, ^…^ writing squeezed in above the line.

Folio 24v 

(indented) Harewod cu[m] Bolston,  Harwod

It[e]m Johannes Abrall cogn[ovit] se ten[er]e de d[omi]no capit[a]le mes[suagium] sive mansio-
Item John Abrall acknowledges holding from the Lord a capital messuage or mansion

-ne ib[ide]m cu[m] om[n]ibus terris pratis pastuis et pasturis cu[m] redditibus
there with all its land, meadow, feeding grounds and pasture with profits of

assise ib[ide]m ac etia[m] decimo garbarum et feni cu[m] aliis oblic[i]onibus simul
the assize court there and also the tithes of sheaves and hay with other dues together

cu[m] p[ro]ficius curiarum et cu[m] o[mn]ibus aliis p[ro]ficius. Boscis et subboscis exceptorum
with income of the courts and with all other profits. Excluding the woods and underwood.

p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m lxxvj s viij d tame[n] supportabit o[mn]ia on[er]a ordinaria et ex[tra]-
annual rent 76 shillings and 8d, but he will bear the costs of all regular and occasional

-ordinaria p[re]fato capit[a]li mes[suagio] sive mansioni incu[m]bent[i] ut patet p[er] inden-
works required on the capital messuage or mansion charged as is shown by the

-tura[m] co[mmun]i sub sigillo sibi fact[um]
indenture made with their common signature                                                {76s 8d}

 

(indented) Bolston

It[e]m Thom[a]s Ll[ewelly]n cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no capit[a]le mes[suagium] sive mansione ib[ide]m
Item Thomas Llewellyn acknowledges tenure from the Lord of a capital messuage or mansion there

c[um] om[n]ibus illis t[er]ris d[om]inicalibus pratis pastuis et pasturis eid[e]m mes[suagio] adiacen[tibus]
with all those lands in Lordship meadow, feeding grounds and pasture next to the same messuage

p[ro]ut Joh[ann]es Webbe et Joh[ann]es Brace nup[er] h[ab]uer[unt] et occupaver[unt] et p[ro]ut patet
As John Webbe and John Brace formerly had and occupied and as he shows

p[er] indentura[m] sibi fact[um] sub co[mmun]i[s] signillo p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m xlvj s
by his own lease made under the common signature (1), from annual rent 46 shillings                     {46s}

It[e]m Ric[ard]us Meyno[r]s cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no unu[m] molendinu[m] aq[ua]ticu[m] cu[m] pistar[ium]
Item Richard Minors acknowledges tenure from the Lord of one water mill with a fishery

ib[ide]m et cu[m] cert[um] t[er]r[e] et p[ra]t[is] adiacen[tum] p[ro]ut patet p[er] indent[ur]am sua[m] exinde
there with certain land and meadow adjacent according to his lease

fact[um] sub co[mmun]i[s] signillo co[mmun]i[s] p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m xl s
made under the common signature, from annual rent 40 shillings                                                      {40s}

It[e]m capellanus sive curatus ib[ide]m tenet om[n]es decimas et oblic[i]ones p[ro]ven[ientia] rat[i]o[ne]s
Item a chaplain or curate there who holds all tithes and dues proceeds of the account of the

eccli[si]e ib[ide]m p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m p[er] persione sua vj s viij d
church there from annual rent of his living 6 shillings 8d                                                                 {6s 8d}

It[e]m Thom[a]s Yarworth cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no duas p[ar]cellas terr[is] custum[erii]
Item Thomas Yarworth acknowledges tenure from the Lord of two parcels of customary land

voc[at] Maist[er]s Moor et le parke nup[er] i[n] te[nur]a Willi[lmus] Yarworth p[at]ris s[ui] p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m: xviij d
called Maisters Moor and le Parke formerly held by his father William Yarworth, from annual rent 18d                                                                                                                                                          {18d}

Id[e]m cogn[ovit] ten[er]e unu[m] toftu[m] terr[e] et div[er]s[us] al[ius] p[ar]celli terr[e] lib[ere] voc[at] le
The same [Thomas] acknowledges tenure of one toft of land and various other parcels of free land called the

Brownesyorde nup[er] in te[nure] dicti p[at]ris sui p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m iiijs et al[ius] s[er]vic[ia] h[er]iet[a]
Brownesyorde formerly in the tenure of his said father from annual rent 4 shillings and other services of herriot                                                                                                                                                       {4s}

It[e]m Ric[ard]us Combe cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no unu[m] ^ v d ^ croftu[m] terr[e] lib[ere] voc[at] Rog[er]s Pursclose
Item Richard Combe acknowledges tenure from the Lord of a croft of free land (5d) called Rogers Pursclose

 cont[inet] in se c[ir]ca ij acr[as] terr[e] acetia[m] tres acras ^ iij d ^ t[er]re lib[ere] sub combesimor
containing about 2 acres of land and also three acres of free land (3d) under Combes Moor

nup[er] in te[nure] Thome Combe p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m viij d sect[a] et al[ius] s[er]vic[io]
formerly held by Thomas Combe from annual rent 8d suit of court and other service                        {8d}

Id[e]m Ric[ard]us cogn[ovit] ten[er]e div[er]s[i] p[ar]celli terr[e] custum[arii] voc[at] Newtons
The same Richard acknowledges tenure from the Lord of various parcels of customary land called Newtons

p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m viijs sect[a] et al[ius] s[er]vic[io]
from annual rent 8s suit of court and other service                                                                               {8s}

 

(folio 25)

^modo d[omi]na Issabella Cardew p[ri]oressa de Ac[or]nebury^
^now the lady of the manor Isabel Cardew prioress of Aconbury^

It[e]m Joh[ann]es Hampton cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de ^d[omi]no^ unu[m] toftu[m] et xvj acr[as] terr[e] custum[are]
Item John Hampton acknowledges holding from the Lord a toft and 16 acres of customary land

nup[er] in te[nur]a Hugonis Waty et postea in te[nur]a Kynsen ap d[avi]d p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m vj s viij d
formerly held by Hugo Waty afterward which it was held by Kynsen ap David, annual rent 6/8d {6s 8d}

It[e]m Ph[illip]us Joones ^modo Ric[ard]us Combe^ cogn[ovit] ten[er]e unu[s] toftu[m] terre cust[umarii] nup[er] in tenura
Item Philip Jones ^now Richard Combe^ acknowledges holding a toft of customary land formerly in the tenure

Joh[ann]es Tuddeston et postea Willi[l]m[us] Wilcokks p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m xiiij d et mo[d]o
of John Tuddeston et afterwards William Wilcox, annual rent 16d and now

solvit nisi xij d ideo melius inquiratur
he pays only 12d as result of further inquiry.                                           {12d}  {ijd per year subtracted}

It[e]m Thom[a]s Cocks cogn[ovit] ten[er]e una p[ar]cella terre cust[umarii] voc[at] trill
Item Thomas Cox acknowledges holding a parcel of customary land called Trill

myll p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m vj d et al[ius] s[er]vis[io] et[cetera]
Myll, annual rent 6d and other service etc                                                                                            {6d}

It[e]m Thom[a]s Ll[ewelly]n cogn[ovit] ten[er]e unu[m] mes[suagium] et una[m] virgat[am] terre cust[umarii]
Item Thomas Llewellyn acknowledges holding a messuage and a virgate of customary

et t[e]r[ti]orac[i]onis (2) voc[at] Wilboyeslands p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m viij s sect[a] et h[er]ieta
and monastic (2) land called Wilboyeslands, annual rent 8s, suit of court and herriot                         {8s}

Id[e]m Thomas cogn[ovit] ten[er]e quinque acr[as] terre cust[umarii] nup[er] in te[nur]a
The same Thomas acknowledges holding 5 acres of customary land formerly in the tenure

Hugonis ap Ieu[an] p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m ij s
of Hugo ap Ieuan, annual rent 2 shillings                                                                                               {2s}

Id[e]m Thomas cogn[ovit] ten[er]e unu[um] ali[um] mes[suagium] et unu[m] croftu[m] adiacent[em]
The same Thomas acknowledges holding another messuage and one croft adjacent

cont[inent] in se c[ir]ca una[m] acr[am] t[er]re cust[umarii] et una[m] ali[am] acr[am] nup[er] iac[ens] in decas[i]
containing about one acre of customary land and one other acre formerly lying in decay

ob def[unc]tu[m] tenentis acetia[m] duas ali[as] acr[as] t[er]re tertiorac[i]onis (2) in Bolston
due to default of the tenant and also two other acres of ‘monastic land’ (2) in Bolstone

nup[er] in te[nur]a d[avi]d Baker et Johannes Webbe p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m vj d ac in decess[o]
formerly in the tenure of David Baker and John Webbe, annual rent 6s and in entering

et etia[m] in recess[o] no[m]i[n]e obit[i] iij s iiij d
and leaving by a name of an ‘obit’ 3 shillings and 4d (3)                                                                       {6s}

It[e]m Willi[lm]us Barett cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no unu[m] mes[sagium] cu[m] cert[as] t[er]r[as]
Item William Baret acknowledges holding from the lord a messuage with certain free land 

lib[eras] adiacen[tas] p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m ij s ij d sect[a] cur[ie] at al[ii] s[er]vic[ii] et c[etera]
adjacent, annual rent 2 shillings 2d suit of court and other services etc.                                        {2s 2d}

id[e]m cogn[ovit] ten[er]e tres p[ar]cellas terr[e] cust[omarii] p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m x d
the same (William) acknowledges holding 3 parcels of customary land, annual rent 10d                {10d}

It[e]m Kat[r]ina Cokks relict[a] Ric[ard]i Cokks cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no qui[d]d[a]m
Item Katrina Cox widow of Richard Cox acknowledges holding from the lord a

ten[emen]t[um] cu[m] div[er]s[is] t[er]ris liber[is] adianc[entis] nup[er] Phi[lipus] Cokks p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m xviij d
house with various free lands adjacent formerly (held by) Philip Cox, annual rent 18d

ac sect[a] cur[ie] et no[m]i[n]e obit[i] ij s
and suit of court and by name of an ‘obit’ 2s (3)                                                                                 {18d}

It[e]m Thomas Cocks cogn[ovit] ten[er]e j p[ar]va[m] mora[m] cont[inet] c[ir]ca j acr[am] voc[at] Bolston mor[a]
Item Thomas Cox
acknowledges holding one small moor of about one acre called Bolston Moor

et r[eddit] in[de]? p[er] a[nnu]m et est t[er]ra cust[omaria] ij d
which renders each year and it is customary land 2d                                                                            {2d}

It[e]m d[omin]us de ffouhope tenet cert[as] terr[as] et ten[emen]t[i] inf[ra] p[ar]och[ie] de
Item the lord of Fownhope holds certain land and holdings within the parish

fouhope voc[at] moorhall crofte p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m iij s et in[de] subt[ra]xit
of Fownhope called Moorhall Croft annual rent 3 shillings and has thence subtracted

redd[iti] de xviij d p[er] a[nnu]m ac sect[a] cur[ie]for rent of 18d and suit of court.                                                                                                       {18p}  {18d per annum subtracted}

It[e]m Willi[lm]us Tailior cogn[ovit] ten[er]e de d[omi]no cert[um] ten[emen]t[um] cu[m] cert[is]
Item William Tailor acknowledges holding from the lord certain holding with

t[er]ris lib[eris] adiancen[tis] in p[ar]och[ie] de ffouhope voc[at] capullarlands
certain free land adjacent in Fownhope parish called Capullarlands

nup[er] in te[nur]a Joh[ann]is Bruge p[er] r[edditum] p[er] a[nnu]m vj s viij d sect[a] et
formerly held by John Bruge, annual rent  6 shillings 8p and suit (of court) and

h[er]iet[a]. Et n[on] debet sibi et heretidibus au/n[?]r[?] allocari p[ro] fixura
herriot. And (the lord) does not owe to him or his heirs any allowance for the setting up

le were de Aburtaretts mylne ad solu[m] suu[m] ut p[etit] ij s sup[er]
the weir of Aburtaretts Mill on his land as he seeks 2 shillings following

co[n]vent[i]o[n]e[m] inde fact[a]
an agreement made about it. (see (4) below)                                                                                  {6s 8d}

 

Analysis of above rental entries which refer only to Bolstone:

HRO A63/III/23

Analysis of Bolstone entries

Tenant

buildings etc

land

land

land

Yearly rent

 

name

 

name

type

acres

s

d

Total d

d/acre

Thomas Llewellyn

capital messuage

 

lands, meadow, pasture

 

46

 

552

no area

Richard Minors

water mill & fishery

 

land & meadow

 

40

 

480

no area

chaplain

church tithes

 

 

 

6

8

80

no area

Thomas Yarworth

 

Maisters Moor & le Parke

2 parcels of customary land

 

 

18

18

no area

Thomas Yarworth

 

Brownsyard

1 toft of land, other parcels of free land

 

4

 

48

no area

Richard Combe

 

Rogers Pursclose

1 croft of free land

2

 

5

5

2.5

Richard Combe

 

Combers Moor

free land

3

 

3

3

1

Richard Combe

 

Newtons

various parcels of customary land

 

8

 

96

no area

Isabel Cardew (Prioress)

1 toft

 

a toft and customary land

16

6

8

80

5

Richard Combe

 

 

a toft of customary land

 

 

12

12

no area

Thomas Cox

 

Trill Mill

a parcel of customary land

 

 

6

6

no area

Thomas Llewellyn

1 messuage

Wilboysland

a virgate of customary (2) land

30

8

 

96

3.2

Thomas Llewellyn

 

 

customary land

5

2

 

24

4.8

Thomas Llewellyn

1 messuage

 

1 messuage and croft of 1 acre customary land, 1 acre of land in decay, 2 acres of ‘monastic lands’ (2), herriot of 40d

4

6

 

72

18

William Barret

1 messuage

 

free land

 

2

2

26

no area

William Barret

 

 

3 parcels of customary land

 

 

10

10

no area

Katrina Cox

1 tenement

 

various free lands

 

 

18

18

no area

Thomas Cox

 

Bolston Moor

a small moor

1

 

2

2

2

Lord of Fownhope

1 tenement

Moorhall Croft

land in Fownhope

 

 

18

18

no area

William Tailor

1 tenement

Capullarlands

free land

 

6

8

80

no area

William Tailor

 

Weir at Aburtaretts Mill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

61

134

118

1726

 

 

Summary of analysis of above table:

Total annual revenue is £7 3s 10d (1726d), 10 buildings are mentions including 2 water mills.
There are 21 rental entries, with 10 different individuals appearing and 12 names of places including one of the mills.
Only 7 entries give the area of land and these total 61 acres, which entries account for 282d giving a meant value of 4.6p/acre.
Dividing the total revenue by this mean figure gives an area of 1726/4.6 = 373 acres which may serve as a rough proxy for the actual area.
Woods were excluded, see entry of ‘Harewood cum Bolstone’ above line 5: ‘Boscis et subboscis exceptorum’.
The area of Bolstone parish is 672 acres but 267 acres of this was woodland in 1840 i.e. 405 non-wood acres.
Not included in the above table is the entry for ‘Harewood cum Bolstone’ which accounts for 76s 8d (199 acres at 4.6/acre).
If half of this refers to land in modern Bolstone then the total area of land in tenural revenue would be (again very roughly) 473 acres.
Either way these estimates are roughly consistent with the area of farmland in 1840.

Notes

(1) ‘under the common signature’. Since the manor is held in chief by the Knights Hospitallers this refers to their corporate signature rather than a personal seal if it was a lord.
(2) tertioracionis = mystery adjective to land, may be some monastic term. Literally, ‘third account’ tertio rationis
(3) ….nomine obiit… then an amount. This is some kind of payment to the court on the occasion of death or anniversary thereof.
(4) What seems to be happening is this: William Tailor claims he had an allowance of 2 shillings a year deducted from his rent to the lord of Fownhope for the inconvenience of having the weir feeding the mill and/or its associated works on his land. A sort of wayleave for the weir. The court has decided that this is longer necessary and the lord should have his full rent of 6/8 as entered above.

This Bolstone Manor entry for rent to the Lord of Fownhope is of particular interest as William Tailor’s land includes ‘Calper lands’ on the east side the river and this weir + mill is on his lands but within the manor of Bolstone. On the1840 Bolstone tithe map includes a small piece of land across the river on the ‘Fownhope side’ near where an island is shown. Is this the site of the ‘Aburtaretts Mill’?

We don’t know what the word before ‘allocari’ is.

 

For further information please contact Archenfield Archaeology on 01432 830 757 or email info@archenfield.com

 

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