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history: the hundreds

 

The hundred was one of the basic local government units of the English state from the 10th to the 12th century and can be compared with the Welsh cantrefs. For many purposes the hundred was used for centuries, and was still a familiar concept in the 19th century.

At the time of Domesday, our area was divided between several Herefordshire hundreds and a Welsh area, Archenfield, which was not part of the hundred system.

Fownhope, Brockhampton and How Caple were in Greytree Hundred. Brampton Abbotts, Eaton (Tregoz) and Wilton were in Bromsash Hundred. Holme Lacy was in Dinedor Hundred. Strangford was in an odd hundred called Sellack. Within Archenfield were Ashe Ingen, Baysham and Kings Caple.

Many places are not featured in Domesday. Apart from those above, named places are few in Archenfield.

Sellack only occurs as a name of the otherwise unrecorded hundred, Sulcet - almost certainly based on the Welsh Suluc - and the only manor there is Etone, which pays tax in honey, the Welsh custom. In the later Herefordshire Domesday 'Etone' is annotated 'St(ra)ngef', likely to by Strangford, now in Sellack parish.

The Domesday hundreds are different from the later medieval ones. Dinedore Hundred disappeared and Holme Lacy became part of Webtree Hundred. Brampton Abbotts, Eaton (Tregoz) and Wilton were in Greytree Hundred. The hundred of Wormelow, very small in 1086, became the greater part of Archenfield, although the term Archenfield continued to be used. Under the later hundred scheme the townships of the area were in the following:

Webtree Hundred

Holme Lacy

Greytree Hundred

Fownhope
Brockhampton
Brampton Abbotts
Rudhall
Fawley
How Caple
Eton Tregoz

Wormelow Hundred

Altbough
Tresseck
Kings Caple
Baysham
Treaddow
Wilton
Kynaston
Llanfrother
Ballingham
Wormton
Carey
Hentland
Foy
Sellack

 

 

 

 

 

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Wye Valley History pages

maintained by Archenfield Archaeology Ltd

           

This project was part-financed by the European Union (EAGGF) and DEFRA through the Herefordshire Rivers LEADER+ Programme.