Project Info

The River Wye



The river here traditionally divided the Welsh of Archenfield (Ergyng) on the west bank from the English on the east bank (although King's Caple on the east bank is in Archenfield).

Several of the village names are Welsh. Foy was Lann Timoi in the 9th century - the church of St Timoi. The 'Ti' in Timoi is a a diminutive or pet-name prefix, leaving the Moi element which became changed to Foi - Foy.

Sellack was Lann Suluc in the 9th century. Suluc is another form of the name Tysilio, the Saint to whom the church at Sellack is still dedicated.

Hentland is simply hen llan - 'the old church'. In Hentland parish is Llanfrother - a corruption of 'church of the brethren'. This is reputed to be the site of the first monastery of St Dyfrig, or Dubricius, and was Hennlan super ripam Gui 'the old church on the River Wye' in the 6th century.

In Bolstone parish a mill was called 'Abbot Tarretts Mill' in the 17th century. This was Abethtarada in 1191 - a corruption of Abertaratyr 'the mouth of the River Taratyr'. The Tarytyr formed the north-east boundary of Archenfield.


prehistory: the palaeolithic and before

prehistory: the mesolithic

prehistory: later prehistory in general

prehistory: the neolithic

prehistory: the bronze age

prehistory: the iron age

the Roman period


early medieval

high medieval

Domesday hides

the hundreds

post-medieval agriculture

agricultural labour

the railways



lower paleolithic middle paleolithic upper paleolithic mesolithic neolithic bronze age iron age Roman medieval
700,000bp 130,000 40,000 10,000 5,000 2,500 750 43AD 410AD

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Wye Valley History pages

maintained by Archenfield Archaeology Ltd


This project was part-financed by the European Union (EAGGF) and DEFRA through the Herefordshire Rivers LEADER+ Programme.