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prehistory: the neolithic

 

The neolithic is associated with the introduction of farming and of pottery. A typical tool of the period is the polished stone axe and these, and fragments of them, have been found at several sites in the area.

The classic neolithic monument is the long barrow of which there are about 50 in Dorset and 80 in Gloucestershire. In Herefordshire there are only three confirmed long barrows and another three features which may be long barrows.

Other neolithic features are 'henges'. One of these has recently been found on the Welsh border  near Presteign, while another neolithic monument has been found at Bodenham, a few miles north of Hereford. Both of these were discovered and investigated during the 'Lugg Valley - Archaeology, Landscape Change and Conservation project'  run by Herefordshire Archaeology, the archaeological service of Herefordshire Council in cooperation with Arkwright Hall History Group, Bodenham Local History Group, Kingsland Millenium Green Trust, Leominster Historical Society and Moreton-on-Lugg History Group. The Lugg Valley project was the third Leader+ Herefordshire Rivers project and The LOWV is the fourth.

No neolithic monuments have so far been identified in the Wye Valley study area.

   

A neolithic leaf-shaped arrowhead found in Brockhampton parish in February 2006
   
Group of neolithic/early bronze age struck flakes found near the arrowhead above.
   

A neolithic tool found at Fownhope by Dr Patrick Ramage
 

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Wye Valley Archaeology pages

maintained by Archenfield Archaeology Ltd

           

This project was part-financed by the European Union (EAGGF) and DEFRA through the Herefordshire Rivers LEADER+ Programme.