The neolithic is associated with
the introduction of farming and of pottery. A typical tool of
the period is the polished stone axe and these, and fragments
of them, have been found at several sites in the area.
The classic neolithic monument is
the long barrow of which there are about 50 in Dorset and 80
in Gloucestershire. In Herefordshire there are only three
confirmed long barrows and another three features which may be
Other neolithic features are 'henges'.
One of these has recently been found on the Welsh border
near Presteign, while another neolithic monument has been
found at Bodenham, a few miles north of Hereford. Both of
these were discovered and investigated during the 'Lugg
Valley - Archaeology, Landscape Change and Conservation
project' run by
Herefordshire Archaeology, the archaeological service of
Herefordshire Council in cooperation with Arkwright Hall
History Group, Bodenham Local History Group,
Kingsland Millenium Green Trust, Leominster Historical
Society and Moreton-on-Lugg History Group. The Lugg Valley
project was the third Leader+
project and The LOWV is the fourth.
No neolithic monuments have so far
been identified in the Wye Valley study area.