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Geophysical Surveying at Capler Camp

In 1924 the archaeologist G H Jack excavated 15 trenches on Capler Camp Iron Age hill-fort, Brockhampton. The defensive ditches were found to have been cut into the natural rock of the hill, but no internal ditches, pits or post-holes were found and the conclusion was that Capler hill-fort had never been occupied.

Eighty years later we did some geophysical surveying at Capler. Not all the results have been analysed but our conclusions are very different from those of G H Jack.

On Monday 20th March we completed the geophysical survey that was started on Saturday 11th.

On Friday 10th March, grid positions were established by GPS, and on Saturday 11th the survey proper began under the guidance of Anne and Martin Roseveare of ArchaeoPhysica.

The results of the geophysics show a round feature. This is almost beyond doubt an Iron Age round-house. It has a pair of large post holes marking an east-facing entrance. There appears to be a stone floor with a central fire pit and an adjacent storage pit.

Data from these surveys is quite complex and although some results are immediately apparent, post fieldwork processing will remove 'background' and give a clearer picture of what is below the ground.

The ArchaeoPhysica team

Anne and Martin with the third member of the ArchaeoPhysica team, Assunta Trapanese on the left.  Assunta is an earth scientist from Naples, who specialises in archaeological issues.

 

Checking position on the ramparts of the hill-fort

   

Anne demonstrates the equipment

   

The data appears on the screen

   

The end of the day on Saturday. Ready to complete the survey on Sunday, but.......

   

The foot of Capler on Sunday

   

Unfortunately snow on Sunday 12th March prevented us from continuing the survey that day. We completed the work on Monday 20th.

   

Nicky Hopwood uses a more traditional technique of looking for underground features.

   

The Iron Age house (arrowed).

   

Interpretation of the results of the geophysics. Ditches within the area of the Iron Age hill fort may represent an earlier phase of its development.

   

 

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This project was part-financed by the European Union (EAGGF) and DEFRA through the Herefordshire Rivers LEADER+ Programme.