The River Wye



Project Elements




One of the first things that the project did was to identify the old maps of the area. The complete coverage of the first edition Ordnance Survey from the 1880s was scanned and calibrated. The tithe maps of the parishes, dating from the 1830s and 40s, have been scanned as have some earlier estate maps.

A list of relevant manuscript estate maps was prepared (a task made much simpler following the publication of the book - Herefordshire Maps 1577 to 1800 by Brian Smith, Logaston Press, 2004). These have been photographed, either by the project team or by the British Library where many of the maps are held.

We are particularly fortunate to have good early cartographic coverage of the northern part of the subject area. Large areas in the parishes of Holme Lacy, Bolstone, Ballingham, Fownhope, Brockhampton, Hentland and Kings Caple were in the Holme Lacy estates of the Scudamore family and there are maps of these dating back to 1695.

Another part of the project was the recording of current land use. We did this by walking the area and there are still areas which need doing. The older maps, together with maps from the 1930s and current observation, give us a view of the changing agricultural land use and field boundaries in the area over the last 300 years.

Woodland is a particularly interesting aspect of land use and for many years was associated with the local iron-working industry.

Thanks to the co-operation of Herefordshire Archaeology, the relevant data from the Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record (SMR) was downloaded onto a database. The SMR contains records of all the known archaeological sites in Herefordshire. These data were used to build period-specific plans of the area. These plans have been used to target areas where archaeological research could add to our knowledge.

One of the elements of the project was recording the condition of old buildings in the area. The Royal Commission on Historic Monuments surveyed this area over seventy years ago and we have not only the published material but also copies of the original inspectors' notes and photographs. Philip Anderson and Heather Hurley re-visited the buildings recorded by RCHM and Will Lewis took photographs of the buildings as they now are (if they still exist).




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maintained by Archenfield Archaeology Ltd


This project was part-financed by the European Union (EAGGF) and DEFRA through the Herefordshire Rivers LEADER+ Programme.